Real Society on YHWH, Midian, and Moses

As opposed to the fresh Egyptian Hathor Temple, the Midianite praise area had no photographs, if or not painted or carved, reflecting their aniconism. If Egyptians left this place, brand new Midianites took power over the entire town like the Hathor Forehead. In chatrandom that way, they made the room religiously appropriate from the removing Hathors deal with out-of the fresh new rock paintings, and used again such stones in their city once the another mainstay. Rothenbergs conflict regarding are reconfirmed from the latest excavation from the Uzi Avner. This iconoclasm is even shown an additional relevant class, the new Kenites (look for appendix).

The fresh culture from the Moses matrimony to help you a great Midianite girl has the draw away from credibility: Why must the newest Israelites create a story regarding their number one religious leaders matrimony to help you a low-Israelite lady?

Alot more problematically, Moses besides finds out their spouse one of several Midianites, but finds his Jesus around as well. Whenever i features debated in other contexts, such as my personal, “Hovav the fresh Midianite: As to the reasons Try the conclusion the story Slashed? (TheTorah, 2016),” brand new biblical messages try to ease or even hide which, nevertheless the complete push of the Moses-in-Midian lifestyle is just one that explains the fresh development of one’s Midianite/proto-Arabian jesus YHWH-a passionate deity pregnant private like-because the Israels god.

Aniconic Kenites: Some other Midianite-eg Yahwistic Group

You to after that little bit of research having Midianite aniconism arises from brand new Kenites. The partnership anywhere between Midianites and you can Kenites is unclear, although biblical text message often conflates the two, given that Moses father-in-laws is oftentimes described as being one, and regularly one other.


Inside the Evaluator 1:sixteen, the audience is informed the Kenites compensated on the Arad Valley, and you can students have traditionally ideal your city of Horvat Uza try biblical Kina, because load in area is named Wadi-el-Keni, we.e., the Kenite Weight. Excavations of your own Iron II (monarchic several months) town indeed there show that whereas the newest nearby (Israelite!) places had short carvings of individuals, Horvat Uza got not one. Nadav Naaman, an excellent historian of biblical months off Tel Aviv College, recommended this particular was while the Kenites was in fact particularly associated with its old, aniconic tradition.

Furthermore, one to Kenite contour off an afterwards months, Jehonadab ben Rechab (step 1 Chron 2:55), is defined as that have inserted Jehus anti-Baal path (dos Kgs -16). Inside the Jeremiah i tune in to that this class-new Rechabites, a great Kenite subclan-stayed a beneficial nomadic tent-dwelling lifestyle, as opposed to strengthening properties or growing industries, and you may eschewed wines consumption. That it lifestyle try reminiscent of whatever you find in afterwards times that have a different Arabic tribe, the fresh new Nabateans, who have been together with aniconic.

Even when the perfect relationship anywhere between Midianites, Kenites, and Rechabites stays hazy-aside from the second a couple small organizations became section of Israel in addition to previous high category failed to-each one of these groups were element of an aniconic, YHWH worshipping tradition, that was used and you can reshaped of the Israelites into the an early on months.

This article is predicated on ch.8 away from my personal, ??? ???? ???”? [How the Bible Was created] (Israel: Kinneret, Zmora-bitan, Dvir, 2018).

Resource significantly, the fresh new disclosure off Gods identity in ch. 3 try the main Age or Elohistic source, while brand new disclosure during the chapter six is actually, in my view, about Holiness Schools redaction of one’s Pentateuch. Get a hold of Israel Knohl, This new Sanctuary out-of Silence: The fresh new Priestly Torah and Holiness College, trans. Jackie Feldman and Peretz Rodman (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007; repr. away from, Minneapolis, MN; Fortress Drive, 1995), 17 [n24]; trans. away from, ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? (Jerusalem: Magnes Force, 1992). Other students, but not, accept it are in the Priestly text message (pick dialogue from inside the, David Frankel, “The brand new Priestly Moses,” TheTorah .) Writers notice: For how these messages played a crucial role in the growth of source grievance, see Zev Farber, “Documentary Theory: New Revelation regarding YHWHs Identity Continues to Enlighten,” TheTorah (2014).